Continent
Country
Location
Plant name
Cofiring type
Boiler
Primary fuel
Cofired fuel(s)

Results of the above selection:

Continent Country Location Plant name Owner Cofiring type Boiler Burner config Output (MWe) Output (MWth) % heat Status Primary fuel Cofired fuel(s) Comments
Asia Indonesia PT Indah Kiat Pulp & Paper All BFB 218 Coal peat, wood chips, bark, oil Steam boiler
Asia Indonesia Sumatra Ocean Sky Co All BFB 155 Coal peat, bark, oil Steam boiler
Asia Taiwan Peikang Ba Yu Paper direct CFB NA Coal sludge
Asia Thailand Chiang Mai Provincial Electricity Authority of Thailand All CFB 20 lignite RDF
Australia Australia Collie Muja Verve Energy All PF 1040 5% mass Trial, now C&D stage pulverised coal plantation forest waste and green waste
Australia Australia Ipswich, SE Queensland Swanbank B CS Energy All PF 4 x 125 (total 500 MW) 5% by weight Trial pulverised coal wood waste
Australia Australia Lake Macquarie, Newcastle, New South Wales Vales Point Delta Electricity All PF T-fired 2 x 660 <1% mass Commercial pulverised coal wood waste
Australia Australia Liddell, New South Wales Liddell Macquarie Generation All PF T-fired 4 x 500 <1% mass Commercial pulverised coal wood waste (sawdust, shavings)
Australia Australia Lithgow, New South Wales Mt Piper Delta Electricity All PF Wall fired 2 x 660 5% by weight, now <1% by weight Commercial pulverised coal wood waste (fresh sawdust)
Australia Australia Lithgow, New South Wales Wallerawang Delta Electricity All PF T-fired 2 x 500 <1% mass Commercial pulverised coal wood waste (plantation sawmill residue and construction and demolition waste timber)
Australia Australia Rockhampton Stanwell Stanwell Corporation All PF T fired 4 x 350 (1400) 5% by weight Trial pulverised coal wood waste (sawdust and shavings)
Australia Australia Tarong Tarong Tarong Energy All PF 2 x 350 5% by weight Trial pulverised coal wood waste
Europe Austria Ebensee Solvay Osterreich All CFB 38 Coal lignite, gas, oil, wood
Europe Austria Frantschach Mondi Papier & Zellstoff Mondi Papier & Zellstoff All CFB 29 61 95,3% fuel power input (bark) Commercial Bark heavy fuel oil, coal, sewage sludge
Europe Austria Lenzing Lenzing Lenzing AG All CFB 40 108 64,6% fuel power input (bark) Commercial since 1987 Bark heavy fuel oil, coal, sewage sludge, gas
Europe Austria St. Andrä St. Andrä Verbund Austrian Hydropower AG All Grate 2 T-fired, separate travelling grates under boiler 124 284 (2 x 5 MWth from biomass) 3% NCV Commercial from 1995-2004, now closed pulverised coal Wood chips, bark (major part)
Europe Austria Zeltweg Biococomb Verbund Austrian Hydropower AG All PF unknown 137 330 (10 MW fuel power input from biomass) 3% fuel power input (10 MW heat input) Continuous operation pulverised Polish hard coal Bark, sawdust, wood chips
Europe Belgium Les Awirs (Liege) Les Awirs Electrabel (www.electrabel.be) All PF 80 100% fully commercial pulverised coal (no longer) wood pellets 390 ton/h, 145 bar, 545°C
Europe Belgium Rodenhuize Rodenhuize Electrabel (www.electrabel.be) All PF 180 100% completely repowered pulverised coal (no longer) wood pellets
Europe Belgium Ruien Ruien Electrabel (www.electrabel.be) All PF T-fired 540 Operational pulverised coal Wood chips from recycled fresh wood, bark and hard and soft board residues
Europe Denmark Aabenraa Ensted #3 DONG Energy All 2 x grate straw boiler feeds steam to wood fired superheater, to #3 coal fired unit 40 MWe biomass in 630 MWe 95 MWth 6% heat of total steam prod in #3 Commercial since 1997 coal straw, wood chips
Europe Denmark Aarhus Studstrupvaerket #3 DONG Energy direct PF Separate straw burners 350 455 max 20% heat, 7% continuous Commercial since 2005 pulverised coal straw
Europe Denmark Aarhus Studstrupvaerket #4 DONG Energy direct PF Separate straw burners 350 455 max 20% heat, 7% continuous Commercial since 2003, experience since 1995 pulverised coal straw Benson Boiler 250 Bar/540C. Unit operated in cogeneration mode
Europe Denmark Copenhagen Amager #1 Vattenfall All PF same feeding lines, not simultaneously. 4 burners in each of 3 levels 80 250 flexible from 0%-100% Commercial since 2009 pulverised coal wood pellets Subcritical 185 Bar, 562 C
Europe Denmark Copenhagen Avedore #2 DONG Energy All pf 365 480 70% pellets Commercial since 2001 natural gas wood pellets
Europe Denmark Copenhagen Avedore #2 DONG Energy All grate separate grate fired boiler, steam included in Avedore #2 main boiler 365 480 16% heat on total steam prod. Commercial since 2001 straw
Europe Denmark Grena Grenaa Co-Generation Plant DONG Energy direct CFB drum type pneumatic feeder 18.6 60 60% heat Commercial since 2000 Coal straw Subcritical 91 Bar, 505 degC
Europe Denmark Herning Herningvaerket DONG Energy direct grate 95 104 70% heat Commercial since 2003 wood chips natural gas
Europe Denmark Randers Randers Cogeneration plant Energi Randers direct grate (spreader stoker) 52 112 35% heat Commercial since 2003 coal wood chips
Europe Finland Anjalankoski Anjalankoski mill Stora Enso Publication Papers Oy Ltd direct BFB 160 328 Operational biomass peat, REF, coal, HFO, NG CC, BFB, oil firing reserve boiler and paper machines, 250 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Anjalankoski Myllykoski papermill Myllykoski Paper Oy direct BFB Operational biomass emission permit not published 9/2007
Europe Finland Eura Kauttua CHP plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct CFB 14 100 Operational peat biomass, coal, REF, HFO, LFO 2 boilers; CFB boiler and oil burner, 121 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Forssa Forssan power plant Vapo Oy direct BFB 18 48 Operational peat biomass, HFO, LFO 70 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Haapavesi Haapavesi power plant Vapo Oy direct CFB 3 32 Operational peat biomass, Sludge, WSTGAS, LFO, HFO 2 boilers; CFB and oil burner, 39.6 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Haapavesi Haapavesi power plant Kanteleen Voima Oy direct PF 154 0 Operational peat biomass, HFO 3 boilers; main boiler (PF) and 2 auxiliary boilers (oil burners), 390 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Hamina Summa mill Stora Enso Publication Papers Oy Ltd direct BFB 45 193 Operational biomass sludge, NG, peat, HFO BFB, 3 reserve NG firing boilers and paper machine, 161 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Heinola Heinola Flutingmill Stora Enso Oyj direct BFB 25 161 Operational peat biomass, coal, sludge, HFO 4 boilers; BFB+PF, PF, recovery boiler and a waste heat boiler, 120 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Heinola Heinola power plant Lahti Energia Oy direct PF 4 72 Operational biomass peat, HFO 4 boilers; PF with grate + 3 oil burners, 42 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Heinola Rautsalo power plant Vattenfall direct 15 35 Operational in near future biomass peat 55 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Hämeenlinna Hameenlinna power plant Vattenfall Kaukolämpö Oy direct BFB 60 175 Operational peat biomass, coal, LFO CC, BFB and grate, 59 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Iisalmi Iisalmi power plant Savon Voima Lämpö Oy direct BFB 15 65 Operational peat biomass, HFO, LFO 4 boilers; 2 BFB boilers and 2 oil burners, 48 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Imatra Imatra mill Stora Enso Oyj direct BFB 154 859 Operational biomass peat, NG, Sludge, HFO, WSTGAS, Methanol 2 recovery boilers, BFB boiler, 4 NG/oil firing boilers, 2 lime kilns, 2 odorous gas boilers, 2 reserve odorous gas burners and 6 paper machines, 235 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Joensuu Joensuu plywood mill UPM-Kymmene Wood Oy direct Grate 4 23 Operational biomass peat, HFO Grate, 33 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Joensuu Kontiosuo CHP plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct BFB 50 120 Operational peat biomass, HFO 200 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Jyväskylä Keljonlahti Jyväskylän Voima Oy direct BFB Operational in near future peat biomass 482 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Jyväskylä Rauhalahti CHP plant Jyväskylän Energiantuotanto Oy direct BFB 87 279 Operational peat biomass, coal, HFO 3 boilers; BFB and 2 burners, 265 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Jämsä Kaipola mill UPM-Kymmene Oyj direct BFB 26 191 Operational biomass peat, HFO, sludge, coal 3 boilers; BFB and 2 oil burners, 104 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Jämsänkoski Jamsankoski power plant UPM-Kymmene Oyj direct BFB 46 324 Operational biomass peat, REF, sludge, HFO 5 boilers; BFB and 4 oil burners, 185 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kaipola direct
Europe Finland Kajaani CHP plant Kainuun Voima Oy direct CFB 105 206 Operational peat biomass, sludge, REF, coal, HFO, LFO 2 boilers; CFB boiler and oil burner, 240 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kankaanp Kankaanpaa power plant Vatajankosken Sähkö Oy direct BFB 6 31 Operational biomass peat, HFO, LFO 3 boilers; BFB and 2 oil burners, 24 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kemi Kemi mill Oy Metsä-Botnia Ab direct BFB 83 466 Operational biomass peat, HFO, WSTGAS, Methanol Recovery boiler, BFB boiler, lime kiln and oil firing boiler, 115 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kemi Veitsiluoto mill Stora Enso Oyj direct BFB 64 545 Operational biomass peat, sludge, LFO, methanol, hydrogen Recovery boiler, BFB, oil firing boiler, lime kiln, paper machine and odorous gas boiler, 246 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kerava Keravan Lämpövoima Oy direct 21 48 Operational in near future biomass peat 73 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kirkkonummi Kantvik power plant Voimavasu Oy direct Grate 4 55 Operational coal HFO, peat 4 boilers; grate and 3 oil burners. Part of the CO2 is used in the mill nearby the plant, 63 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kokkola Kokkola CHP plant Kokkolan Voima Oy direct BFB 20 50 Operational peat biomass BFB boiler, 80 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kokkola Kokkola CHP plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct CFB 188 287 Operational peat biomass, REF, LFO, coal 6 boilers; CFB and 5 oil burners, 98 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kotka Hovinsaari power plant Kotkan Energia Oy direct BFB 50 85 Operational peat biomass, REF, LFO CC + BFB + NG/oil burner + auxiliary engine, 66 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kuhmo Kuhmon Lampo Oy direct CFB 18 Coal peat, wood waste
Europe Finland Kuopio Kuopion Energia direct Operational in near future peat biomass 250 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kuopio Haapaniemi power plant Kuopion Energia direct PF 89 180 Operational peat biomass, HFO, LFO 2 PF boilers, 245/131 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kuopio Savon Sellu Powerflute Oy direct 18 73 Operational biomass peat, coal, HFO, LFO, sludge, REF? 112 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kuusamo Kuusamo CHP plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct BFB 6 18 Operational biomass peat, HFO 29 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Kuusankoski Kuusankoski power plant Kymin Voima Oy direct BFB 80 185 Operational biomass peat, REF, sludge, HFO, NG BFB boiler, 285 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Lahti Kymijarvi power plant Lahti Energia Oy indirect PF 175 263 Operational coal NG, biomass, REF, HFO, LFO, peat coal PF + REF, peat and biofuels gasification and product gas combustion in PF boiler + GT with heat recovery (preheater for PF boiler) + 2 auxiliary boilers, 514 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Lappeenranta Kaukaa mill UPM-Kymmene Oyj direct BFB 90 559 Operational biomass peat, sludge, HFO, LFO, WSTGAS, Methanol, other Recovery boiler, BFB, GT/H, lime kiln, odorous gas boiler and 3 NG firing boilers, 792 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Lappeenranta Lappeenranta power plant Kaukaan Voima Oy direct BFB 117 252 Operational in near future biomass peat 410 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Lieksa Kevatniemi power plant Vapo Oy direct CFB 8 50 Operational biomass peat, HFO, LFO 5 boilers; CFB, grate and 3 oil burners, 31.5 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Lohja Lohja heating plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct BFB 22 43 Coal wood waste, paper waste
Europe Finland Lohja Lohja heating plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct BFB 22 43 Operational coal biomass, REF, HFO 3 boilers; BFB and 2 oil burners, 80 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Mikkeli Pursiala CHP plant Etelä-Savon Energia Oy direct CFB/BFB 61 141 Operational peat biomass, REF, HFO, LFO 3 boilers; 2 CFBs and 1 BFB, 224 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Mänttä Mantta power plant Mäntän Energia Oy direct BFB 25 184 Operational biomass peat, coal, HFO, sludge 3 boilers; BFB, PF with grate and grate, 94 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Naantali Naantali CHP plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct PF 260 440 Coal biomass Pyrite roasting plant
Europe Finland Naantali Naantali CHP plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct PF 260 440 Operational coal biomass, WSTGAS, HFO, LFO 3 PF boilers, 945 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Oulu Oulu mill Laanilan Voima Oy direct CFB, BFB 35 111 Operational biomass peat, REF, coal, HFO, LFO, WSTGAS 3 boilers; CFB + BFB + oil burner, 42/45 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Oulu Oulu mill Stora Enso Oyj direct BFB 95 569 Operational biomass peat, sludge, LFO, methanol, hydrogen Recovery boiler, BFB, grate, oil firing boiler, lime kiln, 2 paper machines and odorous gas boiler, 246 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Oulu Toppila power plants Oulun Energia direct CFB, BFB 188 401 Operational peat biomass, coal, HFO, LFO CFB, BFB, 2 oil burners and reserve diesel engine, 295/315 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Outokumpu Outokumpo Oy direct BFB 17.5, 24 Coal peat, wood waste
Europe Finland Pieksämäki Pieksamaki power plant Savon Voima Lämpö Oy direct BFB 10 77 Operational peat biomass, coal, REF, HFO, LFO 2 BFB boilers, 2 oil firing boilers and reserve diesel engine, 35 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Pietarsaari Pietarsaari power plant Oy Alholmens Kraft Ab direct CFB,BFB 265 310 Operational peat biomass, coal, REF, HFO 2 boilers; CFB and BFB, 592 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Pori Aittaluoto power plant Pori Energia Oy direct BFB 64 216 Operational peat biomass, REF, HFO, LFO 3 boilers; 2 BFB boilers and 1 oil firing boiler, 206 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Pori Pori mill Porin Prosessivoima Oy direct CFB 12 187.6 Coal biomass
Europe Finland Pori Pori mill Porin Prosessivoima Oy direct CFB 12 188 Operational coal biomass, HFO, LFO, others 5 boilers; CFB, oil burners and industrial processes, 198.8 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Pori Pori mill Porin Prosessivoima Oy direct CFB 65 Operational in near future biomass peat, coal 200 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Rauma Rauma mill UPM-Kymmene Oyj direct CFB,BFB 76 350 Operational biomass peat, REF, HFO, coal, sludge CFB, BFB, 2 oil burners and 2 paper machines, 160/60 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Rauma Rauman Voima Oy Rauman Voima Oy direct BFB 50 190 Operational biomass peat, sludge, REF, HFO relatively small production due to start-up in 2006, 120 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Rautjärvi Simpele mill M-real Oyj direct BFB 31 135 Operational biomass peat, sludge, REF, HFO, LPG, LGAS BFB boiler + oil burner + paper machine, 113 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Ristiina Ristiina power plant Järvi-Suomen Voima Oy direct BFB 10 123 Operational biomass peat, HFO, LFO, REF 3 boilers; BFB, grate and oil burner, 146 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Rovaniemi Suosiola power plant Rovaniemen Energia Oy direct CFB,BFB 32 89 Operational peat biomass, coal, LFO 2 boilers; CFB and BFB boiler, 136 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Salo Salo power plant Voimavasu Oy direct BFB 16 87 Coal biomass, peat, REF, HFO, LFO, B-gas
Europe Finland Salo Salo power plant Voimavasu Oy direct BFB 16 87 Operational coal biomass, peat, REF, HFO, LFO, BGAS 6 boilers; BFB, 2 grates and 3 oil burners, 127 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Savonlinna Savonlinna power plant Järvi-Suomen Voima Oy direct BFB 19 89 Operational biomass peat, REF, HFO, LFO, coal 2 boilers; BFB and oil burner, 75 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Seinäjoki Seinajoki power plant Vaskiluodon Voima Oy direct CFB 125 111 Operational peat biomass, coal, HFO, LFO 2 boilers; CFB and auxiliary oil firing boiler, 325 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Säkylä Sakyla power plant Voimavasu Oy direct Grate 9.4 77 Coal HFO, B-gas, peat
Europe Finland Säkylä Sakyla power plant Voimavasu Oy direct Grate 9 77 Operational coal HFO, BGAS, peat 4 boilers; grate and 3 oil/biogas burners, 92 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Tampere Naistenlahti power plant Tampereen Sähkölaitos direct BFB 190 260 Operational peat biomass, NG, LFO CC and a BFB boiler, 200 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Tornio Tornio power plant Tornion Voima Oy direct CFB 40 90 Operational peat biomass, REF, coal, HFO 145 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Turku Linnankatu power plant Oy Turku Energia Ab direct PF 35 269 Coal HFO, biomass
Europe Finland Turku Linnankatu power plant Oy Turku Energia Ab direct PF 35 269 Operational coal HFO, LFO, biomass GT + PF boiler + 5 oil firing boilers, 363 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Vaasa Vaskiluoto 2 -power plant Vaskiluodon Voima Oy direct PF 258 182 Coal biomass
Europe Finland Vaasa Vaskiluoto 2 -power plant Vaskiluodon Voima Oy direct PF 258 182 Operational in near future coal biomass, HFO, LFO 2 boilers; PF and auxiliary oil firing boiler, 585 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Valkeakoski Sateri power plant Fortum Power and Heat Oy direct BFB 14 90 Operational peat biomass, coal, REF, HFO, LFO, sludge, others 3 boilers; BFB and 2 burners, 50 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Valkeakoski Tervasaari mill UPM-Kymmene Oyj direct BFB 46 270 Operational boimass peat, REF, sludge, WSTGAS, HFO Recovery boiler, BFB, lime kiln, 3 NG/oil firing boilers, torch and 3 paper machines, 78 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Varkaus Corenso coreboard mill direct
Europe Finland Varkaus Varkaus mill Stora Enso Oyj direct CFB 121 441 Operational biomass peat, coal, REF, sludge, HFO, LFO, WSTGAS Recovery boiler, CFB, gasifier + burner, oil firing boiler, lime kiln and reserve odorous gas burner, 150 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Ylivieska Tulolantie heating plant Vieskan Voima Oy direct BFB 7 44 Operational biomass peat, REF, HFO, LFO BFB, grate, 2 oil burners and a reserve diesel engine, 23.5 MW fuel input
Europe Finland Äänekoski Aanekoski power plant Äänevoima Oy direct BFB 38 230 Operational biomass peat, sludge, HFO 3 boilers; BFB and 2 oil burners, 173 MW fuel input
Europe Germany Afferde unknown Wood, straw
Europe Germany Bavaria Bayernwerke AG direct PF 108 Pulverised coal straw
Europe Germany Berrenrath Rheinbraun AG unknown Sewage Sludge, wood, straw
Europe Germany Boxberg VEAG AG unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Braunsbedra EWAG unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Bremen unknown Wood, straw
Europe Germany Buschhaus BKB unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Duisburg Hochfeld HKW II (Stadtwerke Duisburg) unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Farge, Bremen Preussen Elektra unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Franken II, Frauenaurach Bayernwerk unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Heilbronn EnBW unknown Sewage Sludge, wood, straw
Europe Germany Jänschwalde Jänschwalde VEAG All Wood, straw
Europe Germany Karlsruhe Rheinhafendampfkraftwerk unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany L?nen Fechner GmbH unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Lausward Stadtwerke D?sseldorf unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Lübbenau Lübbenau (out of operation) VEAG All PF Wall fired 100 7% wt out of operation since 1996 Lignite Wood, straw
Europe Germany Magdeburg VEAG direct PF 350 Pulverised coal wood
Europe Germany Moabit BEWAG unknown Wood, straw
Europe Germany Pforzheim Stadtwerke Pforzheim unknown Wood, straw
Europe Germany Saarberg Saarberwerke AG direct PF 75 Pulverised coal sewage sludge
Europe Germany Schwandorf Bayernwerke direct Grate 280 Lignite Wood, straw pellets
Europe Germany Voerde STEAG AG unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Walheim Neckarwerke unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Weiher II SaarEnergie AG unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Weisweiler RWE unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Germany Würzburg Heizkraftwerk Würzburg unknown Coal Wood
Europe Germany Zolling Isar Amperewerke / Bayernwerk unknown Sewage Sludge
Europe Italy Brescia Termoutilizzatore ASM BRESCIA S.P.A. unknown municipal solid waste, industrial (non hazardous) waste,
Europe Italy Friuli Gorizia Monfalcone Endesa Italia PF 165 coal
Europe Italy Friuli Gorizia Monfalcone Endesa Italia PF 171 coal
Europe Italy Liguria Genova ENEL PF 245
Europe Italy Sardegna Fiumesanto Endesa Italia PF
Europe Italy Sardegna -SULCIS Sulcis 2 ENEL PF 340 16% th coal
Europe Italy Sardegna SULCIS Sulcis 3 ENEL PF 240 10% th coal
Europe Netherlands Amsterdam Hemweg Centrale (HW8) Nuon All Pulverized fuel Opposed wall-fired 670 MWe, efficiency 41%(LHV basis) Currently, no co-firing Co-firing tests, with 5 types of biomass have been performed with one coal mill Pulverized coal
Europe Netherlands Borssele Borssele 12 EPZ All Pulverized fuel Tangential 403 MWe 10-15% (heat-based, 2006) Commercial Pulverized coal, Ash 11%, sulphur 0,85 Kernels, paper sludge, shells, fibers, Main properties : NCV 16,5 GJ/ton, ash 2%
Europe Netherlands Geertruidenberg Amercentrale 8 Essent All Pulverized fuel Tangential 600 MWe 250 MWth 10-12% (heat-based) Commercial Pulverized coal Wood pellets
Europe Netherlands Geertruidenberg Amercentrale 9 Essent All Pulverized fuel Tangential 600 MWe 350 MWth 27 % (heat based) direct ( = 35 % mass based), 5 % (heat based) indirect Commercial Pulverized coal Waste wood (indirect firing): shreddered, max. 20 % moisture; Pelletized biomass (direct co-firing),
Europe Netherlands Nijmegen Gelderland Electrabel All Pulverized fuel Opposed-wall fired 602 MWe 3% (heat-based, till 2007), from January 2008 ; 5 - 8% heat based Commercial Pulverized coal Pulverized wood. Bulk density 165-185 kg/m3, Particle size 0-3 cm, Moisture content < 20% (dry basis
Europe Netherlands Rotterdam Maasvlakte 1+2 E-ON Benelux All Pulverized fuel Tangential 2 x 531 MWe 6% (heat-based, 2006) 9% on mm Commercial Pulverized coal, mix of 4 or 5 different coal Biomass pellets (paper sludge, compost residues,compost wood)meat and bone meal, woodpellets, coffee
Europe Norway Sande Sande Paper Mill A/S direct CFB 26 Coal wood, RDF
Europe Poland Czechnica Czechnica K2 Kogeneracja All BFB OP-130 (RAFAKO) (Metso) retrofit 0/25 76 100% Operational 100% Wet Biomass 130->100 (retrofit), BFB, BFB, Bag Filter, direct injection ratio: 100, coal mills:NO MILL (originally drum ball)
Europe Poland Gdansk Gdansk 2,3,4,5 EC Webrzeze direct PF OP-230 (RAFAKO), natural circulation Tangential 0/55 179 Operational bituminous coal 230, Low NOx burners, _, ESP, co-millling ratio: 6.9, coal mills:Ball-ring
Europe Poland Gdynia Gdynia unit #1.2 EC Webrzeze All OP-230 (RAFAKO) natural circulation 230 tph tangential Low Nox burners 0/55 (condensation/cogen) 179 6.9% bituminous coal Unit is equipped with ESP, ball ring mills and low NOx burners
Europe Poland Krakow Krakow 1 ECK direct PF OP-380 (RAFAKO), natural circulation tangential 120/97 306 Operational bituminous coal 380 (eg 60t/h coal), Low-NOx burners + OFA, LSC, ESP, co-millling ratio: 7.3, coal mills:Ball-ring mills
Europe Poland Krakow Krakow 2 ECK direct PF OP-380 (RAFAKO), natural circulation tangential 120/97 306 20% Operational bituminous coal 380, Low-NOx burners + OFA, LSC, ESP, co-millling ratio: 7.3, direct injection ratio: 20, coal mills:Ball-ring , biomass mills: hammer mill (B?hler DFZC)
Europe Poland Krakow Krakow 3.4 ECK direct PF OP-430 (RAFAKO), natural circulation tangential 0/110 306 Operational bituminous coal 430, Low-NOx burners + OFA, LSC, ESP, co-millling ratio: 7.3, coal mills:Ball-ring mill
Europe Poland Rybnik Rybnik 1,2,3,4 ERSA direct PF OP-650 (RAFAKO), natural circulation Wall fired 215/0 6% Operational bituminous coal 650, Low Nox burners + OFA, Semi-dry (unit 1) and wet FGD (unit 2,3,4), ESP, co-millling ratio: 7.8, direct injection ratio: 6, coal mills:Ball-ring, biomass mills: roller mill (grain grinding mill)
Europe Poland Rybnik Rybnik 5,6,7,8 ERSA direct PF OP-650 (RAFAKO), natural circulation Wall fired 225/0 Operational bituminous coal 650, Low Nox burners + OFA, Semi-dry(5,6,8) and wet FGD (unit 7), ESP, co-millling ratio: 7.8, coal mills:Ball-ring
Europe Poland Wroclaw Wroclaw BC-1 Kogeneracja direct PF OP-230 (RAFAKO), natural circulation tangential 0/55 179 45% Operational bituminous coal 230, Low Nox Burners + SOFA + ROFA, LSC, ESP, co-millling ratio: 6.9, direct injection ratio: 45, coal mills:3 Ball-ring mills, biomass mills: hammer mill (Champion). Burners positioned on 6 levels and 4 columns (each corner) fed by 3 coal mills
Europe Poland Wroclaw Wroclaw BC-2 BC-3 Kogeneracja direct PF OP-430 (RAFAKO), natural circulation tangential 0/110 306 25% (for BC-2 when BC-1 off-line) Operational bituminous coal 430, Low Nox Burners + SOFA, LSC, ESP, co-millling ratio: 6.9, direct injection ratio: 25 (for BC-2 when BC-1 off-line), coal mills:Ball-ring mill, biomass mills: Coming from BC-1
Europe Spain La Pereda Hunosa power station direct CFB 50 Coal Coal wastes, wood waste
Europe Spain Sogoma unknown
Europe Sweden ?stersund Ostersunds Fjarrvarme direct CFB 25